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Citation Styles and Guides

What are Citations?

This video, created by the librarians at the University of Illinois, will give you a basic introduction to citations and their importance.

Plagiarism- Don't Do It!

Plagiarism is the act of stealing someone else's words or ideas and passing them off as your own. 

Graceland's Academic Integrity Policy views plagiarism in the same category as cheating and fraud. It states: "An instructor may assign a grade of "F" for the course in cases of fraud, plagiarism and/or cheating. When an "F" grade is assigned, the student may not drop the course. All cases of fraud, plagiarism and/or cheating will be reported to the respective dean or division chair, and dean of faculty. Violation of the academic integrity policy may have additional consequences including sanctions or dismissal from a program or from Graceland University." Click here to read the rest of the policy.

Plagiarism is easy to avoid. This guide will help you do that, and if you ever have any doubts about a citation, be sure to ask a librarian, your professor, or visit the Writing Center!

Avoiding Plagiarism

Avoid plagiarism by summarizingparaphrasing, and quoting.


  • Using your own words to describe and discuss a passage written by someone else. For example, you may read a 10 page article and summarize the author's main points in a paragraph.
  • You must cite the original source.


  • Paraphrasing is different from summarizing in that you incorporate someone else's ideas in your work without necessarily discussing that person's work in detail. For example, you may discuss the idea that Southern honor was at the root of Southern violence in the nineteenth century without having to summarize Bertram Wyatt Brown's Southern Honor. But this idea was not yours, so...
  • You must cite the original source.


  • Quoting is the most direct way to include someone else's ideas in your work, though you should use them sparingly. Be sure to include the original author's words in quotation marks and that you double check the quotation–misspelling is misquoting. And remember...
  • You must cite the original source.

(Developed from: Cristyn Elder, et. al. "Purdue OWL: Avoiding Plagiarism," . Retrieved on 7/2/13.)